Only after the last tree has been cut down.  Only after the last river has been poisoned.  Only after the last fish has been caught.  Only then will you find that money cannot be eaten.

"When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof." - Wingspread Statement of the Precautionary Principle.


Manure Spreading on frozen ground  

Hay Bay Genetics claim they never spread in winter, but for 10 days in December 2005 almost 1,000,000 gallons of sewage from the open pit was sprayed and dumped on Lots 32 and 33 Concession BaySide in Prince Edward County. Temperatures in the area have been well below zero for the past three weeks.

The spraying operation started on December 7 and continued on the 8th, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 of December, then continued on 19, 20 and early 21 December. Spraying/dumping started on Lot 13 on December 22 and continuing on 23rd. There  were snow storms on December 9th, and a major one on December 16th - both storms were accurately forecast. Snow continued to fall throughout the following 5 days nicely covering up where they had been.

On Monday 19 December 2005 the wind was blowing about 50- 60 kmph, the temperature about -6C, the ground was frozen and covered with more than 12 inches of granulated snow which was drifting and causing whiteouts but they continued spraying the pig sewage. Particulates from the spray mixed with the snow as it was blown across the field and across adjacent dwellings in Prinyer's Cove. 

This is the sixth (6) consecutive year that spraying of liquid manure has occurred in the December/January time frame. It has nothing to do with fertilizing the crops since they do not plant after spreading, it is simply dumping unwanted effluent from their sewage tank. 

The ground is frozen and it is forbidden to spread sewage on frozen ground yet we consistently see that this pig operation appears to be exempt. It is time that this behaviour is stopped. There were many fine and good days from September to end of November when spreading could have occurred without waiting for cold weather and frozen, snow covered ground. The excuse that crops were not harvested is a poor one. It is simply bad management that the owner chose to harvest on December 5 and 6.

Dates of Spreading:

  a.. December 15, 2000
  b.. January 16-18, 2002
  c.. December 5-10, 2002
  d.. December 3-4, 2003
  e.. December 17, 2004
  f.. December 7-8, 12-15, 19-23, 2005

For pictures see our website at 

For list of spread dates

Annette Cepon, Webmaster, CREEK

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East Hawkesbury passes no ILO bylaw

We have good news to share.  

We hope it never gets challenged in court.  If it ever did, it should become a national matter where all Canadians get together to contribute and support the Corporation of the Township of East Hawkesbury in fighting all the way to Supreme Court of Canada to create yet another jurisprudence and serve all Canadians. 

The Corporation of the Township of East-Hawkesbury now has a new By-law in relation to "Intensive Livestock".  After 12 "WHEREAS" comes a "NOW THEREFORE" the Municipal Council of the Corporation of the Township of East Hawkesbury ENACTS AS FOLLOWS: 

1.    For the purposes of this by-law, the following definitions apply: 

a)    "Council" shall mean the Municipal Council of the Corporation of the Township of East Hawkesbury, and "Municipal Council" has the same meaning; 

b)    "Township" shall mean all lands within the geographic limits of the Township of East Hawkesbury; 

c)    "Hog" shall mean any and all mammals of the family Suidae, regardless of size; 

d)    "Hog operation" shall mean the breading, raising, keeping, housing, care, feeding or maintaining of hogs; 

e)    "Intensive hog operation" shall mean an agricultural operation involving the breeding, raising, keeping, housing, care or maintaining of hogs in numbers exceeding 500 live animals at any one time;

f)    "Person" shall mean a living human being and includes a corporation and the heirs, executors, administrators, assigns or other legal representatives of a person; 

2.    No person shall create, establish, own, maintain or conduct, directly or indirectly, an intensive hog operation anywhere within the Township or any part thereof. 

3.    No person shall permit, allow or countenance the creation, establishment, ownership, maintenance or conducting of an intensive hog operation anywhere within the Township or any part thereof.

4.    This By-Law comes into force and effect when finally passed.

READ A FIRST, SECOND AND THIRD TIME and finally passed this 14th day of February, 2005.

Signed by the Mayor and Acting Clerk.

If you would like a faxed copy of the full by-law, please e-mail me your fax # or address and I will sent it to you.

Louise Rock
Citizens for the Future and Environment  in Eastern Ontario

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Coalition of Concerned Citizens of Huron-Kinloss
Update October 14, 2004

Dear Concerned Citizens,

The OMB decision based on this past August OMB Hearing in Ripley has been released.  Please see the enclosed attachment.  It is, in my opinion, a significant victory for the Township's position and goes a long way to alleviate some of the fears of Coalition supporters.  Mr. Culham rejected the Ministry's view that the Township's proposed new Intensive Agriculture Livestock zone did not give appropriate regard to the Provincial Policy Statement, did not represent good planning and was a threat to the agricultural industry. 

 I am especially gratified to see Mr. Culham recognize the importance of providing a window for public scrutiny for future proposed large livestock operations in our community.  If you take the time to read the decision, you will appreciate the Township's four criteria related to drainage, groundwater, susceptibility, odour impacts and traffic impacts to be used to evaluate future intensive livestock applications. It will, in my view, go a long way to restore public confidence in the intensive livestock application process.

As stated in previous updates, I am very appreciative of the Township's position and efforts over the course of the August Hearing.  If you have an opportunity, please let the Township know how much you appreciate their efforts to make our Township a better place to live.  I have not yet heard what the Ministry plans to do.  They may appeal the decision at divisional court.  I'll inform you if I hear any news.  

You may also recall that Ontario's Information and Privacy Commissioner ordered the Township to hand over, to Ms. Valerie M'Garry on behalf of the Coalition, the application for a building permit, construction drawings, a Nutrient Management Plan and Environmental Assessment. These are required by the Township's manure pits and manure management by-laws.  You will perhaps remember that we decided to go the Information and Privacy Commissioner route after the Township refused our request for copies of the above documentation in the fall of 2002. The documents were ordered to be disclosed by October 4, 2004.   Ms. M'Garry has not been able to scrutinize the documentation due to her busy work schedule.  I'll keep you informed once I receive more news. 

On a final and sad note, most of you have probably heard the shocking news about Mayor Gerald Doleman's tragic death last week.  During the August OMB Hearing, I had a opportunity to tell Gerald how much I appreciated the Township's decision to defend the new Comprehensive Zoning By-law.  Gerald told me he was determined to bridge the division  between parts of the farming and shoreline community that resulted from the controversial first "approved" Geene Nutrient Management Plan of 2001. He was sincere.  His ability to listen, his wisdom and leadership will be missed! 



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Coalition of Concerned Citizens of Huron-Kinloss
Update September 18, 2004

We just received the decision of the Information and Privacy Commissioner that the Township of Huron-KInloss must hand over the Geene documentation relating to his approved fall 2002 hog building permit no later than October 4, 2004.  You will recall that the Privacy Commissioner had previously ordered the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture to send us the Geene Nutrient Management Plan for his approved 3000 hog factory. 

According to Coalition lawyer, Ms. Valerie M'Garry, these additional documents will assist us in evaluating whether  the law has been followed in the process leading up the issuance of Mr. Geene's 2002 building permit.  With regard to the NMP documentation Ms. M'Garry received from OMAF in July, there is certainly more detail than was available previously, however, she notes that the Minimum Distance Separation calculations are still thoroughly inadequate and possibly inaccurate.  In Ms. M'Garry's opinion, the additional documentation with respect to the Geene application, will assist her in determining if the Township and Mr. Geene have followed all aspects of applicable law in the process of the issuing of the building permit. 

I cannot say enough how lucky the Coalition is to have Ms. M'Garry working on our behalf.  She has been successful in obtaining virtually everything we asked for through our response through the Freedom of Information request.  We simply could not have done this without her expert and detailed submissions.  Moreover, her work on the Coalition's behalf at the recent August OMB Ripley hearing was exempliary.  I'll let you know as soon as I hear any news of an OMB decision.

John Welwood

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Pigs Move Into Sarsfield
Orleans Online
March 23, 2004

Two and half years after a Quebec hog producer bought a  farm near Sarsfield with plans to turn it into a 3,000 sow maternity  operation, the first pigs have finally arrived. According to Cumberland  Coun. Rob Jellett, the farm’s owners transported 150 sows onto the property last week.

“An inspection was undertaken of the premises by staff confirming the presence of 150 animals which is in compliance with the existing city zoning bylaw,” says Jellett. “Unfortunately we have no idea at this time how many more they plan to bring in or when.”

Under an existing bylaw passed last summer, the farm’s Quebec-based owners Mario Coté and Luc Fontaine, can house as many as 750 sows on  the 663 acre farm. The pair originally bought the farm with the intention of housing 3,000 breeding sows on the property.

A bylaw passed by the city last fall limiting intensive hog farm operations to 125 livestock units or 750 hogs and creating a three kilometre buffer zone around residential communities preventing future hog factory farms from setting up shop is being challenged by the  Ministry of Agriculture and Food. The case will likely be heard before  the Ontario Municipal Board next fall.

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Churley Says Walkerton-Area Pig Barn Must Be Stopped
Ontario NDP Website
Jan 23, 2003

QUEEN'S PARK - The development of new intensive pig farms that threaten drinking water should be banned as a precaution against another Walkerton tragedy, NDP Environment Critic Marilyn Churley and Walkerton-area residents said today.

Churley called on the Conservative government to exercise the precautionary principle recommended by Justice Dennis O'Connor at the Walkerton inquiry.

"Halt these hog factories and pre-empt the potential for another Walkerton," Churley urged. “They’ve done it in Quebec, and we need to do it here.”

Local studies show that groundwater in the Walkerton area moves extremely fast, carrying contaminants into local wells at an unusually quick rate. This dramatically increases the risk of bacterial contamination such as E. coli because live bacteria can enter the drinking water more readily, she said.

“Justice O’Connor was clear: We must protect water at the source and make decisions based on the precautionary principle,” said Churley. “The Conservative government has failed on both counts and these mega-hog barns prove it. It is unbelievable and very disturbing that the government would contemplate allowing possible new sources of contamination to develop after all that has happened.”

Walkerton representative on Brockton municipal council Charlie Bagnato and Paisley-area farmer Grant Robertson belong to a local citizens group that's fighting plans for a huge industrial hog barn. It would house 3,000 sows giving birth to about 70,000 piglets a year.

“The community of Walkerton has experienced one tragedy with its water, we don’t need another one,” said Robertson, whose farm would be very near the huge barn. “The manure produced at this operation will contaminate my well water and threaten the health of my children.”

Bagnato stressed the need for local control. “The government must give us back the ability to regulate these types of operations,” he stated. “Provincial legislation doesn’t protect the environment or our health from these hog operations, and the result will be contaminated water.”

Churley’s Safe Drinking Water Act was the model the Tories used for their own legislation. But they didn’t act on O’Connor’s other key recommendation of water source protection so Churley recently introduced her own Ontario Drinking Water Source Protection Act. [See Backgrounder for more information.]

BACKGROUNDER: Protecting Drinking Water in Paisley

The proposed intensive livestock operation near Paisley will house 3,000 sows and produce 80,000 piglets annually.

Groundwater studies and expert testimony at the Walkerton Inquiry show that groundwater in the Walkerton area flows at an unusually high rate through the fractured limestone bedrock in the area. The result is that contaminated water travels relatively long distances before the bacteria die.

For example, if the groundwater moved at 500 metres/day (as was shown to be the case near Walkerton), bacteria that survive a week in the water could travel 3.5 km.

These conditions pose grave risks to local area wells.

Justice O’Connor, in the Walkerton Inquiry Report Part Two, recommended that the government take a “precautionary approach” in setting standards and regulations.

Applying the precautionary principle in this case entails stopping the proposed pig barn development on the grounds that there is significant risk to drinking water quality and human health.

(For more information regarding groundwater science, contact Dr. Stephen Worthington, who provided expert testimony at the Walkerton Inquiry and who has conducted hydrogeological studies of the Walkerton area. He can be reached at 905-627-1781.)

Ontario Drinking Water Source Protection

MPP Marilyn Churley’s Private Members Bill 238, the Ontario Drinking Water Source Protection Act, would protect the supply and quality of source water in Ontario.

This bill also provides for the remediation and restoration of contaminated water, as well as the conservation of water to maintain sustainable water use.

The protections laid out in this act would prevent the development of intensive livestock operations such as the proposed Paisley pig barn.

For more information about Bill 238, the Ontario Drinking Water Source Protection Act, visit .

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The Ottawa Sun
Fri 08 Aug 2003
Page: 18
Section: News

Chants of "No Walkerton here" rang through the town of Alexandria last night as North Glengarry residents protested against a proposed hog farm.

More than 200 people marched along Main St., chanting and waving placards, showing their contempt for a planned 3,000-hog operation just 1.5 km southwest of Dalkeith.

"We are scared. We don't know what's going to happen," said Dalkeith resident Jamie McCormack.

The demonstrators said one of the key issues has been a lack of public consultation on the issue. Organizers of the rally said they learned about the proposed farm after hearing rumours about it, and didn't receive confirmation until they confronted North Glengarry Mayor Bill Franklin.

The farm owner has applied for a building permit to convert a dairy farm into a hog farm. It is now being considered by city officials.

"We were let down," said McCormack. "People we trusted made decisions without telling us."

Richard Kerr, one of the rally organizers, said the group is hoping city officials will not approve the building permit the landowner is seeking.


They are calling on the province to declare a moratorium on new Class 4 hog factories until environmental assessments and health studies are done.

Some concerns with factory farms include how much manure is produced by animals, how it's spread and the danger of it contaminating drinking water.

Another demonstrator, Gerry Weller, said local residents don't want to see factory farms in their backyards.

"We owe it to our children to act responsibly. Our health comes first."

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